The GOES system produces a large number of primary data products. They include:

Data Product Usage: These data products enable users to accurately monitor severe storms, determine winds from cloud motion, and when combined with data from conventional meteorological sensors, produce improved short-term weather forecasts. The major operational use of 1 km resolution visible and 4 km resolution infrared multi-spectral imagery is to provide early warnings of threatening weather. Forecasting the location of probable severe convective storms and the landfall position of tropical cyclones and hurricanes is heavily dependent upon GOES infrared and visible pictures. The quantitative temperature and moisture and wind measurements are useful for isolating areas of potential storm development.

Major Users: GOES I-M data products are used by a wide variety of both operational and research centers. The NWS's extensive use of multi-spectral imagery provides early warnings of threatening weather and is central to its weather monitoring and short-term forecast function. Most nations in the Western Hemisphere depend on GOES imagery for their routine weather forecast functions as well as other regional applications. GOES data products are also used by commercial weather users, universities, the Department of Defense, and the global research community, particularly the International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project, through which the world's cloud cover is monitored for the purpose of detecting change in the Earth's climate. Users of GOES data products are also found in the air and ground traffic control, ship navigation, agriculture, and space services sectors.