Science Experiments supported by the NASA-GSFC GOES server
hurricane Fran
last update 5 August 2005

It is a well-known fact that NOAA uses GOES satellites to continuously monitor weather conditions in the western hemisphere, especially unpredictable severe storms. In addition, Goddard scientists in NASA's Earth Science Enterprise use GOES data to support research into atmospheric processes that determine weather and climate.

Pictures from the GOES Imager are used to monitor the rapidly changing aspects of clouds such as height, thickness, cloudtop temperature, and winds. Scientists in Goddard's Laboratory for Atmospheres use these images during field campaigns in the following ways:

  • Chris Kummerow uses GOES images to set the scene for tropical rainfall measurements by the Tropical Rainfall Measurement Mission (TRMM).
  • Andrew Negri uses cloudtop temperatures to infer rainfall over Brazil, calibrated using satellite microwave-based rain estimates from the Goddard Profiling Technique (GPROF).
  • Gerry Heymsfield uses GOES images to study changes in the rainfall process over the deforested regions of the Amazon.
  • Fritz Hasler uses a massively parallel processor to compute winds for every pixel in the scene of special 1-minute interval GOES images of hurricane Luis, generating an amazing quarter-million wind vectors per minute.
  • Anne Thompson uses images of the North Atlantic to study the transport of aircraft emissions in the international flight corridor to Europe.
  • Gyula Molnar uses GOES images to measure the diurnal cycle of marine stratus clouds in the tropical and subtropical Pacific during the ElNino/La Nina climate fluctuations during the mid-1990's.
  • Yoram Kaufman uses GOES images of Brazil to support studies of biomass burning and aerosol transport, such as during the Smoke/Sulfate Clouds and Radiation experiment (SCAR-B) campaign in 1995.
  • David Starr, Pat Minnis, William Smith and a host of other NASA scientists used GOES images to observe the role of aircraft contrails in cirrus formation during the SUbsonic Contrail and Cloud Effects Special Study (SUCCESS) in 1996.
  • David Starr and a host of other scientists used GOES images to observe sub-tropical cirrus clouds during the CRYSTAL-FACE experiment over southern Florida and the surrounding oceans in July 2002.

    Research and Applications using GOES data from NASA-GSFC

    Other "Americans" use the GOES data from NASA-GSFC

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    GOES Project